Djatikusumo was in unique position of being able to compare the Dutch and Japanese training. He observed, “The Dutch were better in theory, but the Japanese were more practical. We didn’t learn from the Dutch how to make an army. What we learned from the Japanese was more important: how to create an army from scratch and lead it. We learned how to fight at company level, how to recruit soldiers, and how to devote yourself to your country.”
Former chudancho, Lieutenant General P.H. Djatikusumo was exceptional in that he had studied in Holland for four years and had had reserve officer training under the Dutch in Bandung. Generally those with Dutch education or training were avoided in selection of officer candidates.
The chudancho were selected through local government officers and influential relatives. They were born between 1912 and 1918, which meant they were in their thirties during the war years.
Gusti Pangeran Harjo Djatikusumo (born in Surakarta, Central Java, July 1, 1917 – died in Jakarta, July 4, 1992 at the age of 75 years) is the former Chief of Staff of the Army of the first ( 1948- 1949) when he was 31 years old, succeded by his junior A.H. Nasution ( 1949- 1952), when Nasution at 31 years old too. He was the son of the nation’s bloody palace, His Majesty the Pakubuwono X.
Djatikusumo became the personal driver for Ahmad Yani’s burial ceremony at 1965, and Yani as the Chief of Staff of the Army too when he was killed, one of Djatikusumo’s junior at Army.
Referensi: Japanese-Trained Armies in Southeast Asia