Usual Storyline

oeuvre

Windrider

Look at the globe, and take in the sheer mind-boggling vastness of the Pacific. And yet, practically every single one of its habitable islands were occupied by the Austronesians in deliberate colonization expeditions, using nothing more than double-outrigger canoes ( trimaran, Indonesian call it ” perahu bercadik”) made with stone age tech – no metal!

Trimaran Voyage

Austronesian Range

In a vast sweep starting from somewhere in South East Asia, they reached every little rock in the Pacific, including Easter Island, Hawaii and New Zealand. They even sailed straight west through the Indian Ocean, all the way to Madagascar! They were probably the first humans to set foot there, in spite of it being much closer to Africa.

There is evidence that sustained trade was carried out between the Pacific Islands, separated by thousands of miles of blue ocean. Wooden trimaran sailing boat having advantage with speed and agility, modern trimarans using much better materials and navigation technology to sailing all around the world. Even now US Military adopting the trimaran to build their battleship.

Children in Indonesia very familiar with the legendary folksong, telling us the story of our ancestor as brave sailor. But the formal history at our school never wrote the Austronesian’s voyage all across Pacific and Indian Ocean, and our ancestor pictured far more closer as farmer than sailor, a bold paradox. The question lies at the era, the ancestor at what era? Stone age, or pre collonialism era?

This map may show the probability of MtDNA connection between Indonesian, Taiwanese, Madagascar, Maori New Zealander, Aboriginal Australian, and Pacific Islanders ( or maybe the American Indian from Andes Mountain too, their skin seems brownish like us, and the black hair too). It will induce the similarity of vegetation ( coconut and banana) among this islands, the materials of wooden trimarans ( teakwood), and the origin of rice cultivation for modern world.

Yes, man made history may tell us, the former children, the glory of our ancestor, the ego pride that we are better than the others, and what make them different from us. But the ecology tell us a better history, the brotherhood of mankind.

Note:

Thanks for Ved Mundora for the information and the picture.

2 comments on “Windrider

  1. dodi
    March 4, 2015

    apakah pernah berkunjung ke museum perahu di borobudur ? di sana ada sebuah perahu yg dibuat persis sama spt yg ada pada pahatan dinding borobudur. spt biasa, kapal ini bercadik dan dibuat tanpa paku. dibuat dari sekitar 7 jenis kayu, sengaja dipilih angka ganjil, agar semuanya digenapkan waktu di laut ( katanya ).

    somehow, kapal ini berhasil berlayar ke madagaskar, lanjut ke tanjung harapan lalu berlabuh di afrika barat. dari ujicoba ini “membuktikan” bahwa jenis kapal yg terpahat tsb bukan kapal antar pulau nusantara biasa, tapi bisa mencapai jarak yg sangat jauh.

    kapal bercadik walau pun nampak sederhana yg dikendalikan nahkoda ulung ( sebenarnya bukan kata yg tepat, tapi saya gak tahu apa kata yg pantas ) mampu menjelajah jarak yg sangat memungkinkan para manusia “perahu” ini berdiaspora sampai jauh. tidak mengherankan sebarannya bisa sampai pada peta ini. btw peta yg mirip spt ini ada jg dalam museum tsb.

    alm umar kayam pernah berseloroh, hawaii itu artinya jawa yg kecil. tentu saja ini dari sudut pandang orang jawa. maka bisa jadi dan sangat besar kemungkinannya, ini emang satu rumpun yg sama. terlebih dgn hasil penelitian MtDNA tsb.

    • Maximillian
      March 4, 2015

      Terima kasih atas kunjungan dan komentarnya, Pak Dodi, salam kenal🙂

      Iya, sudah pernah ke Museum Borobudur dan melihat rekonstruksi perahu bercadik yang modelnya sama dengan salah satu pahatan di relief candi. Narasi tentang nenek moyang pelaut sering menjadi legenda, tapi artefak masih sangat kurang, sehingga generasi berikutnya terkadang bingung dengan kisah tersebut, fakta atau fiksi.

      Ternyata pelayaran perahu bercadik, distribusi vegetasi, linguistik, dan hubungan DNA mitokondria lebih mampu berkisah, daripada sekedar narasi atau artefak lain, yang mungkin sudah hancur tak sempat tersimpan.

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