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Biggest Problem

What are the biggest problems facing Indonesia? by Julius Galih

Answer by Julius Galih:

Communal Conflict and Disintegration

Decentralizing reforms in the period 1999-2001 were associated in some places with communal (religious and ethnic) warfare. The connection can be better understood with the techniques of resource mobilization than with those looking for grievances. The former takes more interest in history and politics than in timeless hurts. A study of the conflict narratives shows that these episodes emerged as ‘politics by other means’ at a moment of opportunity following the collapse of the New Order in 1998. They were led by urban middle class elements in provincial towns outside Java that were particularly dependent on state subsidies.  [1]

Youth Unemployment; Demographic Disaster

High youth unemployment is one of the threats that is being faced by Indonesia. Indonesia has a young population as roughly half of the total population is below thirty years of age. This means that the country contains a potentially large workforce. But this demographic bonus can turn into a demographic disaster if this workforce cannot be absorbed by employment opportunities. The World Bank recently warned against Indonesia’s high youth unemployment and misplaced focus on education spending. [2]



[1] Communal Conflict and Decentralisation in Indonesia

[2] Youth Unemployment in Indonesia: A Demographic Bonus or Disaster?

[3] Indonesia Unemployment Rate | 1982-2016 | Data | Chart | Calendar

What are the biggest problems facing Indonesia?


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This entry was posted on October 14, 2016 by in Review.
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